Brazil: signs of stagflation

The multitude of supply shocks hitting Brazil’s economy are likely to keep inflation at 7-10% well into next year and cause the pace of recovery to slow to a crawl in the next few quarters. Overall, we now expect GDP growth of just 1.3% next year, which sits below the consensus.
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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Latin America Economics Weekly

Chile’s constitution, Brazil fiscal worries mounting

This week marked the two-year anniversary of the mass protests in Chile which caused a political risk premium to emerge in local financial markets and the currency, and we think that lingering political risks will keep them under pressure for some time. Similarly, we think that hard-hit Brazilian assets will continue to fair poorly from here, with suggestions this week that the government will break the spending cap adding to the evidence that the country's public finances will deteriorate in the coming years.

22 October 2021

Latin America Data Response

Mexico Bi-Weekly CPI (Oct.)

The further rise in Mexico’s core inflation rate to a 12-year high of 5.1% y/y in the first two weeks of October, which contributed to the rise in the headline rate to 6.1% y/y, will add to the growing hawkish sentiment at the central bank. However, given the weakness of the economy, we think the tightening cycle will remain gradual with another 25bp rate hike, to 5.00%, at the next meeting in mid-November.

22 October 2021

Latin America Economics Focus

A fresh look at Brazil’s public debt problem

Suggestions that Brazil’s government will raise welfare spending – and circumvent the spending cap in doing so – add to the evidence that there’s little appetite for the long-term fiscal squeeze needed to stabilise the public finances. Taken together with slower growth and higher interest rates, we think that the public debt-to-GDP ratio is likely to be on an upwards trajectory from next year. This feeds into our view that government bond yields will climb higher and that the real will weaken further from here.

20 October 2021

More from William Jackson

Latin America Data Response

Brazil IPCA (Sep.)

The jump in Brazilian inflation to 10.2% y/y in September was largely a result of the hike in household electricity tariffs last month and, while the headline rate is at – or very close to – a peak, it will remain at 8-10% in the coming months. That’s likely to prompt another couple of 100bp rate hikes from the central bank, to 8.25%, before the year is out.

8 October 2021

Latin America Economics Update

Lessons from Brazil’s 2001/02 energy crisis

The threat of energy shortages looms over Brazil once again. The country’s experience with electricity rationing in 2001/02 offers a useful guide about how the situation may pan out. We estimate that this episode knocked about 1%-pt off GDP growth, added roughly 2%-pts to inflation, and caused Copom to become more hawkish. This suggests that the risks to our current growth forecasts clearly lie to the downside, and that the central bank’s aggressive tightening cycle could ramp up.

7 October 2021

Emerging Markets Economics Update

China’s long-term property decline: the fallout for EMs

Irrespective of how the current problems in China’s property sector are resolved, property construction there is entering a period of structural decline. Among other EMs, the main effects will be felt in metals producers in Latin America and Africa, adding to reasons to expect weak long-term growth in countries such as Brazil and South Africa. In view of the wider interest, we have made this Emerging Markets Update available to clients of our Long Run Service

7 October 2021
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