Europe

Euro-zone

Rising gas prices will hit Spain hardest

The upward pressure on euro-zone headline inflation from the surge in natural gas prices will not be felt evenly throughout the region, with Spain looking most vulnerable. Governments are stepping in to cushion the blow, but higher energy bills are a downside risk to the euro-zone’s consumer recovery.

20 September 2021

Inflation & the outlook for bonds in the US, UK & E-Z

While we expect the yields of long-dated sovereign bonds to increase further across developed markets over the next two years, we think they will rise by more in the US than in the euro-zone and the UK. This is based on our view that inflation will prove more persistent in the former than in the latter two.

17 September 2021

Wage growth to stay weak, inflation to keep rising

Data published this week highlight the challenge to euro-zone consumers from subdued pay growth and rising inflation. We expect inflation to keep rising in the coming months, and probably further than most expect. Next week, we will host a Drop-in webinar on the causes and effects of the recent surge in European gas prices.

17 September 2021
More Publications

Euro-zone Final HICP (Aug.)

Rising costs – from shipping to energy – are likely to push euro-zone inflation up even further in the coming months. They might also mean that it doesn’t fall quite as quickly next year as we currently assume. But by the end of 2022, we still suspect that inflation will be a long way below the ECB’s target.

17 September 2021

Sector fortunes to shift

While the Delta variant has slowed economic activity in other parts of the world, this has not yet been the case in the euro-zone, and we are cautiously optimistic that the bloc will continue to grow. This will support the property market upturn, albeit offices and retail face structural challenges that will limit the rental recovery. Stronger rental prospects for industrial mean we think that the sector has the most scope for yield compression in the near term, though strong demand for prime assets should allow office yields to edge a bit lower too. However, further increases in yields will make some retail assets look increasingly attractive by year-end, prompting small yield falls in the next few years. The upshot is that industrial is expected to outperform over the next couple of years, but stronger capital value growth beyond 2022 will result in retail returns emerging as the strongest.

EZ Hourly Labour Costs (Q2) & Ind. Prod. (Jul.)

The sharp fall in euro-zone average hourly labour costs in Q2 compared to a year earlier was mainly due to pandemic-related distortions to the data that will continue to muddy the picture for another couple of quarters. Nevertheless, the spare capacity in the labour market will keep wage growth subdued.

Inflation impact of high gas prices will last into 2022

The recent surge in the prices of natural gas and coal, and therefore electricity too, has boosted energy inflation and suggests the risks to our near-term forecast for headline inflation lie to the upside. But the effects of this will start to fade next spring and, in any case, will have next to no bearing on core inflation.

A look ahead to December’s ECB meeting

Following yesterday’s comments from ECB President Christine Lagarde, the Bank looks set to make crucial decisions about the future of QE at its December meeting. We suspect that it will end its net purchases under the PEPP next March, but increase the pace of APP purchases by more than most expect. Interest rates are also likely to remain on hold for longer than is priced into markets. Meanwhile, data from the UK suggest that Covid and shortages of both goods and labour are putting the brakes on the economic recovery there, but we remain cautiously optimistic about the euro-zone outlook.

1 to 8 of 2333 publications
See More ↓