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Emerging Europe

EMs stepping up to support currencies

A handful of EM central banks have ramped up FX sales to provide support to weakening currencies over the past couple of months. And with inflation high and the US dollar likely to strengthen further, others could follow suit. FX intervention is unlikely to prevent further depreciation, but central banks with healthy FX reserve buffers may have some success in slowing the pace of currency falls. In view of the wider interest, we are also sending this Emerging Markets Overview Update to clients of our FX service.

24 June 2022

High inflation to keep central banks in tightening mode

Having surged in recent months, there are some tentative signs that EM inflation is nearing a peak. Our measure of aggregate EM inflation was steady at 7.0% y/y between April and May and some indicators of pipeline price pressures have eased. But even so, our aggregate measure is running at its highest rate since 2008 and, even when inflation does fall back, it’s likely to remain well above many EM central banks’ targets for some time. Against this backdrop, most EM central banks are likely to tighten monetary conditions further. Indeed, we generally expect more rate interest rate hikes than most analysts do over the next 12-18 months. Asia Drop-In (30th June, 09:00 BST/16:00 SGT): Are Asia’s central banks behind the curve? Can the Bank of Japan and People’s Bank of China continue to go against the grain? Find out in our special session on what global monetary tightening looks like in Asia. Register now.  

23 June 2022

CBRT: knock knock, anybody there?

High inflation, falls in the lira and aggressive monetary tightening elsewhere are clearly not enough to persuade Turkey’s central bank to lift interest rates, as it left its policy rate at 14.00% today. Disorderly falls in the lira are a major risk, which would probably be met with capital controls rather than rate hikes.

23 June 2022
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CEE inflation broadening out

Central and Eastern European economies are experiencing their worst bout of inflation since the late-1990s as surging food and energy prices have added to strong core price pressures across a broad range of goods and services. Monetary tightening cycles are likely to continue with interest rates rising to 8% or so over the next few months and we think that rates will remain above neutral for several years. World with Higher Rates - Drop-In (21st June, 10:00 ET/15:00 BST): Does monetary policy tightening automatically mean recession? Are EMs vulnerable? How will financial market returns be affected? Join our special 20-minute briefing to find out what higher rates mean for macro and markets. Register now  

Hawkish Fed adds to growing external risks

The 75bp interest rate hike by the US Fed this week and expectations for further large hikes in the coming months will have ripple effects across the region. It is likely that Hungary's central bank will be forced to raise rates to defend the forint again and we now expect the Turkish lira to end the year at 24/$. Elsewhere, the risk that gas flows from Russia to Europe are cut off has increased. The gas deal agreed between the EU, Egypt and Israel this week will boost Israel's exports, but it's likely to take many years before Israel becomes a major gas exporter. World with Higher Rates - Drop-In (21st June, 10:00 ET/15:00 BST): Does monetary policy tightening automatically mean recession? Are EMs vulnerable? How will financial market returns be affected? Join our special 20-minute briefing to find out what higher rates mean for macro and markets. Register now

EMs, food security and inflation

Shortages of food supplies and surging prices have led some EMs to impose export restrictions on key agricultural products, a trend that threatens to become more prevalent and serve to keep prices elevated and inflation high. Some EMs are also attempting to cushion the impact of higher food prices on household spending by ramping up subsidies. But that will entail significant fiscal costs which in some places isn’t sustainable, notably North Africa. World with Higher Rates - Drop-In (21st June, 10:00 ET/15:00 BST): Does monetary policy tightening automatically mean recession? Are EMs vulnerable? How will financial market returns be affected? Join our special 20-minute briefing to find out what higher rates mean for macro and markets. Register now

Key questions on capital controls in Turkey

The recent falls in the Turkish lira have led to increased speculation that, with the CBRT showing no sign of willingness to raise interest rates, policymakers will be forced to turn to capital controls to prevent sharp and disorderly moves in the currency and contain risks in the financial system. In this Update, we answer a number of key questions on capital controls, including what form they could take, when they might be imposed and how effective they would be. World with Higher Rates - Drop-In (21st June, 10:00 ET/15:00 BST): Does monetary policy tightening automatically mean recession? Are EMs vulnerable? How will financial market returns be affected? Join our special 20-minute briefing to find out what higher rates mean for macro and markets. Register now

We think the sharp falls in the lira have much further to run

The Turkish lira is once again depreciating sharply against the US dollar and we expect this to continue. We revise our forecasts for the lira and pencil in further substantial weakness by the end of 2022, to 24/$. Turkey Drop-In (15th June, 10:00 ET/15:00 BST): We’ll be discussing what’s behind the latest currency crisis and how it may play out in a 20-minute online briefing. Register now.

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